Cloudberry Clean Energy Annual report 2020

89 Cloudberry Annual report 2020 Financial statements Key risks and financial instruments Through its business activities, Cloudberry is exposed to various risks, and has engaged in various financial instruments. The Group focuses on the following risk categories: Market, Operations, Finance and ESG risks. The Group overall risk management programme seek to minimize the potential for adverse effects on the Groups performance. Market risks, including political and regulations risks, and price risks, see note 7, commercial and operational risks, see note 8, and financial risks, see note 9. Guidelines for risk management and strategy for handling and using financial instruments as a part of the business activities and handling risks have been approved by the Board of Directors. See note 10 Financial instruments and 11 Hedge accounting. Note 7 Market related risks Political and regulations risk The power industry is a highly regulated sector and thus subject to political risk The power industry is publicly regulated, and regu- lations may change over time. Thus, there is political risk of investments in the renewable and infrastruc- ture industries in the Nordic countries. The electricity certificate scheme is subject to political risk The electricity certification scheme is an aid scheme with intention of increasing the renewable power generation in Norway and Sweden. New renewable power generation in Norway and Sweden, which commence within the end of 2021, will receive electricity certificates. The electricity certification scheme will be discontinued in 2035. The investment decision related to several of the assets of the Company has been made based on inclusion of electricity certificate revenues. Electricity certificates are traded in a market where the price is determined by the market cross between supply and demand. Demand is based on a quota system determined by political objectives. Revenue from the sale of electricity certificates is consequently subject to political risk. The guarantee of origin scheme is subject to political risk In accordance with EU legislation, power plants in the EEA may get approval for guarantees of origin for five years at a time. Energy suppliers may buy such guarantees of origin from the power producer in order to guarantee its customers that the delivered energy is produced from renewable sources. The relevance of the latest revision of the current European Renewable Energy Directive is currently being assessed by the EEA/EFTA. The revision seems to extend the guarantee of origin scheme, although no decision has been made. The future of the scheme is thus subject to political risk. The renewable sector is still under development Unexpected success in other areas of renewable energy may reduce the pressure on the author- ities to allow for development of wind parks and hydro power plants. This may affect the Group’s future investment opportunities and reduce the second-hand value of its power plants. The same may also hold true for non-renewable or currently unknown energy technologies. Price risk Sale of electricity, electricity certificates and guarantees of origin constitute a material share of the Group’s revenues. The profitability of the Group’s producing power plants depends on the volume and prices of the electricity produced, the electricity certificates and the guarantees of origin. Although some of the sale will be based on fixed price purchase agreements, the majority of the Group’s sale will be exposed to price risk related to electricity sold at spot rates, the market price for electricity certificates and the market price for guarantees of origin. The Group has entered into fixed price contracts for sale of the production of Røyrmyra Vindpark AS, which covers